Single Origin, Single Estate, Mikrolot
Single origin is a small phrase with a big definition. The meaning is often simplified to a coffee that’s sourced from one single producer, crop, or region in one country. Single farm and single estate mean that the coffee is sourced from one farm, mill, or co-operative. Then you can go a step further and find coffee labels that tell you the estate name or the specific lot the coffee was grown on, if it’s a microlot (a specific varietal from a specific farm).
Another important thing about single origin is its traceability, the fact that you know exactly where your coffee is from and that it’s a specific coffee, not a blend. Usually of a higher quality, it’s the acknowledgment that the coffee is from a particular farm located in a unique setting, whilst its flavour depicts its origin, possessing characteristics of that specific area where the particular coffee was grown.”
The Specialty Coffee Association (SCA) scores coffees on a 100-point scale. Coffees that score 80 points or above are graded as “specialty”. These exceptional coffees are the product of specific microclimates and soils, production practices, and careful processing (the removal of the coffee cherry flesh from the beans).